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Natural heritage

At the start of the 19th century, the Rhine's flow changed with each rising, creating and destroying islands and peninsulas, supplying humid zones and marshes. This large river took several meanderings, divided into several branches and sometimes spread over several kilometres in width. At this time, the ecosystem developed according to the whims of the river. Salmon swam upstream to spawn and the alluvial forests were created along the edge of the river. But in order to protect the villages from flooding, sanitize the marshes, ensure a better flow of the rising waters, and recover new land for farming, the River Rhine has been gradually tamed and canalised, further to significant development work. Nowadays, several nature reserves have been opened and maintain some of the last natural landscapes of the River Rhine. Don't miss them!

  • Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue nature reserve in Riedstadt.

    Covering an area of 24 square kilometres, Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue is the largest nature reserve in the State of Hesse. It is home to exceptional flora and fauna, including bush willow, reed beds and Kühkopf island, surrounded by an ancient branch of the Rhine. This nature reserve gives us a good idea of what the Rhine area looked like before its banks were developed by Man.

  • Lampertheim Nature Reserve

    The Lampertheimer Nature Reserve is one of the most important wildlife conservation areas in the northern part of the Upper Rhine. A dominant feature of the 525-hectare area, which includes the Biedensand peninsular and the shallow Lake Welsch Loch, is the natural flood dynamics of the Rhine.

  • The North Sea and the dunes

    Awaiting cyclists at the end of the EuroVelo 15 route is the little seaside resort of Hoek van Holland - today a part of Rotterdam. The long beaches are perfect for a gentle walk and the dunes are awaiting discovery. Here again are unique plants deserving protection that visitors should take care not to trample on. Now it really is time to rest one's legs and relax.

  • Vineyards in the South-West of Germany.

    The region of Baden is one of the biggest wine regions in the south of Germany. The vineyards and small wine villages reach from the moutains of the Black Forest to the Rhine. The region is divided in several parts. Amongst others, in the touristic destination of the Black Forest, the wine region of the Markgräferland, the Tuniberg, Kaiserstuhl, Breisgau and Ortenau, germany's southernmost Riesling producing region. In Breisach am Rhein, you will find the Badische Winzerkeller, one of the biggest wine cellars in Europe. More information under www.badische-weinstrasse.de

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