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Natural heritage

At the start of the 19th century, the Rhine's flow changed with each rising, creating and destroying islands and peninsulas, supplying humid zones and marshes. This large river took several meanderings, divided into several branches and sometimes spread over several kilometres in width. At this time, the ecosystem developed according to the whims of the river. Salmon swam upstream to spawn and the alluvial forests were created along the edge of the river. But in order to protect the villages from flooding, sanitize the marshes, ensure a better flow of the rising waters, and recover new land for farming, the River Rhine has been gradually tamed and canalised, further to significant development work. Nowadays, several nature reserves have been opened and maintain some of the last natural landscapes of the River Rhine. Don't miss them!

  • Sauer Delta Nature Reserve

    The Sauer Delta Conservation Centre is located 100 metres from the River Rhine. It marks the entrance to the largest nature reserve in the Alsace basin, the Seltz Munchhausen reserve or better known as the Sauer Delta Nature Reserve. Located where the River Sauer, a 70-kilometre long river whose source is in the Palatinate, Germany, flows into the Rhine, the nature reserve is home to a biodiversity typical of alluvial plains. To be seen here is a jungle-like forest a phenomenal number of birds.

  • Vineyards in the South-West of Germany.

    The region of Baden is one of the biggest wine regions in the south of Germany. The vineyards and small wine villages reach from the moutains of the Black Forest to the Rhine. The region is divided in several parts. Amongst others, in the touristic destination of the Black Forest, the wine region of the Markgräferland, the Tuniberg, Kaiserstuhl, Breisgau and Ortenau, germany's southernmost Riesling producing region. In Breisach am Rhein, you will find the Badische Winzerkeller, one of the biggest wine cellars in Europe. More information under

  • Ile de Rhinau Nature Reserve

    The Ile de Nature Reserve is one of the most impressive riverside woodland areas in the whole of Alsace. It is home to a wide diversity of species living on the materials deposited by the river's high waters. As a result of being directly linked to the Rhine, the woodland areas are regularly flooded throughout the year thus maintaining their alluvial character. A multitude of characteristic plant and animal species that are perfectly adapted to the environment all live close together here under widely differing conditions.

  • The horticultural region of Betuwe

    Between the two main Rhine Delta rivers, the Waal to the south and Nederrijn to the north, is the horticultural region of Betuwe. It is above all known for its pear and cherry tree orchards. The delta's rich alluvial deposits make the area ideal for horticulture.

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