EuroVelo 15: From the source of the Rhine to its mouth in the North Sea
Suitable for cyclists of all fitness levels and abilities, the Rhine Cycle Route runs along
one of the longest rivers in Europe. From the Swiss Alps to the North Sea, the Rhine has fostered a cultural and economic dialogue between the Alpine arc and Northern Europe for over 2000 years. Explore the beauty of this river landscape and the picturesque towns and villages lining its banks, a number of which are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Go for a stroll or a bike ride along the cycling route following the course of the Rhine. Welcome to the Eurovelo 15 website - the Rhine Cycle Route! more
Easy rides for
- Art along the Rhine
- The Rhine
- Natural heritage
- Culinary delights along the Rhine
- UNESCO World Heritage Sites
- Cultural heritage
Historical Boat Mill in Ginsheim
In Ginsheim, boat mills had a long tradition. Up to 21 mills were operated on the river at the same time. The reconstruction of the last boat mill demonstrates how exhausting milling used to be, and also showcases how our ancestors, through the use of logic and simple means, arrived at astonishing solutions.
Strasbourg: Tomi Ungerer Museum
Artist and illustrator of books for readers of all ages, including the children's book “The Three Robbers”, Tomi Ungerer, who was born in Strasbourg in 1931, is considered to be one of the greatest illustrators of the last 50 years. The 700 square meter museum – the first public museum in France devoted to an artist during his lifetime – has been established in the Greiner Villa and houses more than 11000 drawings donated by the artist to his home city.
Basel: Its museums
Basel's museums and galleries house several important international works of art. Each year more than one million visitors visit 36 exhibition. Compared to other similarly-sized cities, Basel has one of the highest densities of museums and galleries in the world. Art aficionados should not miss “Art Basel”, the largest annual modern art show in Europe. It is held every year in mid-June.
Bonn: The Museum Mile
Attracting over one million visitors every year, Bonn's Museum Mile is a must for all lovers of art and culture. The Museum of the History of the Federal Republic of Germany (Haus der Geschichte) presents the country's contemporary history by means of photographs, documents and original objects from recent German history. The Fine Art Museum (Kunstmuseum Bonn) exhibits Rhenish expressionist works and German art from the post-war period while the Art and Exhibition Hall of the Federal Republic of Germany (Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland) plays host to travelling exhibitions designed to show national and international cultural trends with the inclusion of science and technology. The Alexander Koenig Museum is one of the top zoological museums in Germany. Finally, the Bonn German Museum presents the milestones of scientific discovery over the past 50 years. It boasts around 100 original items, from the magnetic rail ‘Transrapid' train to the Nobel Prize winning ion trap.
Rolandseck: Arp Museum
Rolandseck railway station has always been more than just a station. Right from its inauguration in 1858, it has always been a focal point for artists and intellectuals. Since September 2007, it has formed a part of a new museum on the Rhine - the "Arp-Museum Bahnhof Rolandseck". Built on the banks of the river in the town of Remagen, the museum of contemporary art has four floors of exhibition space devoted to the Alsatian painter and sculptor Hans Arp and his wife Sophie Taeuber-Arp, who were involved in the rise of the Dada and surrealist movements in the early 20th century. Paintings from the Middle Ages right up to the modern day are also on display.
Mainz: Gutenberg Museum
The reconstruction of the old workshop of the inventor of the printing press including a press that visitors can operate and a copy of the Gutenburg Bible - the first book to be printed in Europe using movable type - are just two of the main attractions in the Gutenburg Museum in Mainz. On display are four millennia of written history and culture and the most important prints from the 14th century right up to the present day.
Insel Museum Hombroich and the Langen Foundation
Located a few miles south of Neuss, the Museum Insel Hombroich opened in the heart of an old park on the island of Hombroich in 1987. The museum embodies and enacts a famous quote made by Cézanne: "Art is a harmony parallel with nature". The exhibition building and the artist's studio blend naturally into the vast landscape. Winding paths are punctuated by works of sculptural architecture. The island hosts a wide diversity of events involving philosophers, poets, musicians and artists. Designed by the Japanese architect Tadao Ando, a new exhibition hall combining lightness and transparency was constructed on a former missile launch site a stone's throw from Hombroich in 2004. The Langen Foundation displays works from the Langen collection that includes almost 500 Japanese artworks and 300 modern pieces.
Chur: Graubünden Museum of Fine Arts
Housed in Villa Planta, which was built in 1874-75 by the architect Johannes Ludwig, the Museum of Fine Arts in Chur is home to works of art predominantly by Swiss or Graubünden artists and sculptors from the 18th century to the present day. On display are works by, amongst others, Alberto Giacometti, Giovanni Segantini and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner.
Weil am Rhein: Vitra Design Museum
The Vitra Design Museum is one of the biggest design museums in the world. The American architect Frank Gehry, known, in particular, for designing the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao and the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles, has created an architectural masterpiece made up of towers, ramps and cubes. Permanent exhibitions showing the historical and contemporary developments in the world of design provide visitors with the opportunity of discovering the diversity and importance of design.
The Rhine Falls
Only a few hundred metres downstream from Schaffhausen is one of Europe's most powerful and impressive waterfalls. 150 metres wide and 23 metres high water flows over the falls at an average of 750 m3 per second. The wild spectacle of the Rhine hurtling over the rocks attracts hundres of thousands of sightseers every year. Boat rides enable visitors to get even closer to the falls.
Fish ladder in Gambsheim
Weirs, locks and a fish ladder at Gambsheim. To meet shipping, agricultural and power generation requirements, weirs and hydraulic plants have been built on the River Rhine. These often create obstacles difficult for migrating fish to overcome on their way to their spawning ground. To enable them to reach the Rhine basin, Germany and France signed an agreement in 1997 to construct fish ladders at the hydro-electric plants in Iffezheim and Gambsheim. The Gambsheim fish ladder, opened in 2006, is the largest in Europe. An observation room enables visitors to watch the salmon, eels, trout and river herrings on their way upstream.
Passerelle des Deux Rives
In conjunction with the first cross-border garden show in 2004, Kehl and Strasbourg linked the French and German banks of the Rhine with a "passerelle" - a bridge for the sole use of pedestrians and cyclists.
The port of Rotterdam
The second largest city in the Netherlands after Amsterdam, Rotterdam, is the industrial heart of the country. Located at the mouth of the Rhine and the Meuse, its strategic position provides an economic outlet for western Germany and makes the region one of the most dynamic in Europe. Its facilities stretch over 28 kilometres making it the fourth largest port in the world and the largest in Europe. Alongside Le Havre in France, Rotterdam's deep water "Europoort" is the only port in Europe capable of accommodating supertankers and their cargo of 400,000 tons of fuel. Refineries and petrochemical plants abound in the region.
Duisburg Inner Harbour
Where grain was once stored and milled, visitors will today find museums, restaurants and a marina - Mediterranean flair right in the centre of the city. The old harbour has been transformed into an ambitious urbanistically and architecturally attractive city quarter.
Located at the foot of Piz Baduz at an altitude of 2345 metres, Lake Toma is considered to be the source of the River Rhine. A one-hour walk away from the Oberalp Pass in Graubünden, it is the only place where the river can be crossed in one stride. With a surface area of 2.5 hectares, it is also the start of a 1230 kilometre journey through four European countries to the North Sea.
The North Sea and the dunes
Awaiting cyclists at the end of the EuroVelo 15 route is the little seaside resort of Hoek van Holland - today a part of Rotterdam. The long beaches are perfect for a gentle walk and the dunes are awaiting discovery. Here again are unique plants deserving protection that visitors should take care not to trample on. Now it really is time to rest one's legs and relax.
The horticultural region of Betuwe
Between the two main Rhine Delta rivers, the Waal to the south and Nederrijn to the north, is the horticultural region of Betuwe. It is above all known for its pear and cherry tree orchards. The delta's rich alluvial deposits make the area ideal for horticulture.
Lampertheim Nature Reserve
The Lampertheimer Nature Reserve is one of the most important wildlife conservation areas in the northern part of the Upper Rhine. A dominant feature of the 525-hectare area, which includes the Biedensand peninsular and the shallow Lake Welsch Loch, is the natural flood dynamics of the Rhine.
Nature reserve of the Offendorf forest
Located on a former Rhine gravel bank, the nature reserve protects 60 hectares of alluvial forest. The whole of the natural site, deprived since 1977 of the Rhine's floods and their contributions in nutritious sediment, is flooded, at the start of the summer, by the rising of the water table during the period of the Rhine's high waters. Gigantic trees, mysterious reed beds and a large variety of water birds make up the attractions of this Alsace jungle.
Biesbosch National Park
Biesbosch Natural Park lies in a brackwater zone in which freshwater and saltwater mix. Lying in the estuary of the Rhine and Maas in the North Sea, Biesbosch provides the ideal habitat for numerous kinds of animals and plants. Normal long ago for the western part of the Netherlands, large areas of reeds, meadows, islands full of willow trees and marshy woodland are still to be found in the national park. All the various forms of vegetation have been protected in Biesbosch, one of the biggest national parks in the Netherlands, since 1994.
Königswinter: Dragon's Hill
Full of legend, the hill in the Siebengebirge range has become a major tourist attraction due to its spectacular position above the Rhine and the ruins of the old Drachenfels Castle. To get to the top of the hill, one has to pass Schloss Drachenburg, a picturesque castle dating back to the 19th century. Once at the top, visiotrs have a marvellous view of the Rhineland.
Located to the far south of Germany, at the border with Austria and Switzerland, Lake Constance, the third largest lake in Europe, is a must on the EuroVelo 15 route. In a natural setting of gentle verdant valleys and benefiting from a mild climate, it has two lakes, the “Obersee” (Upper Lake) and the “Untersee” (Lower Lake), joined together by the River Rhine which continues its journey towards the West. Holiday-makers particularly appreciate the large number of cruises available.
Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue nature reserve in Riedstadt.
Covering an area of 24 square kilometres, Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue is the largest nature reserve in the State of Hesse. It is home to exceptional flora and fauna, including bush willow, reed beds and Kühkopf island, surrounded by an ancient branch of the Rhine. This nature reserve gives us a good idea of what the Rhine area looked like before its banks were developed by Man.
The Kromme Rijn, or Crooked Rhine
The secondary branch of the Rhine is 17 miles long. Known as the Kromme Rijn, or Crooked Rhine, it was an important waterway until the construction of a dam in 1122 during the Middle Ages. Still flowing gently, the Kromme Rijn has maintained a pleasant landscape, with castles and private estates built alongside the river. Eurovélo 15 crosses the Kromme Rijn at the town of Wijk bij Duurstede.
108 kilometres in length, it is the longest river flowing solely in the Netherlands. Flowing from east to west, it runs through the Betuwe region from Doorenburg to Gorinchem. Motorized boats are not allowed on the Linge unless the "Watershap Rivierenland" (the Dutch waterways authority) issues a permit for the stretch between Geldermalsen and the Kanal van Steenenhoek.
Asparagus from Lampertheim
The market garden area in and around Ried in Hesse is famed for its asparagus, strawberries, onions and other fruit and vegetables. Hence it is affectionately known as “the biggest vegetable garden in Hesse”. Between mid-April and end of June, the asparagus season dominates life in the region. The traditional Lampertheim Asparagus Festival of Lampertheim is the ideal opportunity to savour the region's speciality, but it's not the only one.
Sauerkraut with smoked pork, frankfurters and potatoes is probably the best-known Alsatian dish and one of the best-loved traditional dishes in France. Thinly sliced cabbage fermented in brine, simmered in white wine with potatoes, Montbéliard and Strasbourg sausages, streaky bacon, smoked pork breast and shoulder, flavoured with juniper berries and cloves, a good sauerkraut is ideal for filling empty stomachs after a long day in the saddle.
Capuns is a speciality of the Graubünden canton in Switzerland. They are meatballs made using dried meat and sausage and then wrapped in a chard leaf. They are often served in restaurants in and around Chur.
Brühl: Schloss Augustusburg and Schloss Falkenlust
The UNESCO World Heritage Schloss Augustusburg and Schloss Falkenlust palace complex is one of the first important Rococo masterpieces in Germany. Schloss Augustusburg, the favourite residency of the archbishop-elector of Cologne, Clemens August, is linked to the Falkenlust hunting lodge by a large park.
Abbey of St Gall
Located a few kilometres to the south of the Rhine is the former Saint Gallen Monastery. After the city was founded in 612, the first Benedictine Monastery was founded on the site in about 719. Switzerland's second oldest monastery and one of the biggest Benedictine monasteries in Europe, it was highly influential cuturally for over 1200 years. Distinguishing features are the late Baroque collegiate church and the 160.000-book Baroque library with rococo furnishings. 2.200 codices of which 500 are over 1000 years old. The library therefore houses one of the richtest collections of medieval books belonging to the German-speaking part of Europe.
City of Strasbourg
Set within two arms of the River Ill, the “Grande Ile” (Grand Island) is the historical centre of Alsace's main city. Added to the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1988, it has several historical buildings dating back to medieval times. Particularly worth mentioning are the minster, the four ancient churches, the Kammerzell house, the Palais Rohan the former residence of the cardinal, covered bridges ...
Windmills have been a synonym for Holland ever since the 15th century. The Kinderdijk Windmills lying 15 kilometres to the east of Rotterdam are one of the country's most popular tourist attractions. Visitors can marvel at the centuries-old hydraulic structures which served to drain the landscape, reclaim land and build towns and villages. Sea dykes, reservoirs and pumping stations are, together with the 19 restored windmills, all a part of the special attraction of Kinderdijk which was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.
Neuf-Brisach: Vauban's fortifications
Commissioned by Louis XIV, Vauban began building the Neuf Brisach fortifications, which are unique in the whole of Europe, in 1699. It turned the town into the new stronghold in the Alsace lowlands after Breisach, which lies on the other side of the Rhine, was lost in 1697. Protected by star-shaped bastions, the eight-sided town is one of the show-pieces of Vauban's work. When riding along the EuroVelo 15 Route, one can see the moat belonging to the fortifications by Niffer in the Haut-Rhin department.
Begun in 1030, Speyer Cathedral is the largest Romanesque cathedral in the world. The basilica with its four towers and two domes was highly influential in the development of Romanesque architecture. It was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1981.
Upper Middle Rhine Valley
The whole 65-kilometre stretch of the Upper Middle Rhine Valley between Bingen and Koblenz is, together with numerous separate elements, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Also known as the "Romantic Rhine", the section has historical, natural and shrouded-in-legend surprises for visitors at a multitude of places. The Middle Rhine Valley has influenced poets, painters and composers and is a magnificent example of a natural landscape that has also been shaped by man. A dominant feature of the impressive cultural landscape are the gorges cut into the Rhenisch slate hills that are lined by about 60 towns and villages and surrounded by vineyards and numerous ruins of castles that once controlled shipping on the river.
Located in the Upper Middle Rhine UNESCO Cultural Heritage Site, the 132-metre high Lorelei is a slate rock that rises up out of the river on its eastern bank. Legend has it that the Lorelei mermaid combed her long golden hair and lured boatmen with her song into the dangerous current of the Rhine and then onto the rock where they broke up.
Cologne Cathedral is the town of Cologne's landmark as well as the heart of the city. Situated directly beneath the bank of the Rhine in neighbourhood of the Hohenzollernbridge and the Central station, it is easy to reach all major points of interest of the city from here. Be it one of the many museums or the shopping district with Hohe Strasse and Schildergasse. The "High Cathedral of St. Peter" with its five naves has been completed in 1880 after 632 years of construction. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne and is able to bear about 4.000 believers during mass services. Due to its spiritual and cultural historic importance it has become UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.
Ruinaulta, the Swiss Grand Canyon
The gorges of the Anterior Rhine between Ilanz and Reichenau, also known as Ruinaulta – “high heap of rubble” in Romansh – provide one of the most magnificent and varied landscapes of the Alps. Formed 10 000 years ago further to the landslide of millions of square metres of rocks, these white-faced and steep wild gorges can be reached on foot or by bicycle.
Cathedral of St. Peter of Worms
Alongside the cathedrals of Mainz and Speyer, the Cathedral of St. Peter of Worms is one of the most remarkable Romanesque churches in the Rhine Valley. A must-see is the Gothic south portal, which was added in the 14th century.
Benrath Castle and Park in Düsseldorf
A rococo-style villa, Benrath Castle was erected towards the end of the 18th century by the Elector Palatin Charles-Theodore. With its huge park and pond, it is both an important cultural monument, and also an oasis in the urban sprawl of Düsseldorf. Very well preserved, the castle hosts three museums and is surrounded by a magnificent park measuring several hundred thousand square metres.
Xanten Archaeological Park.
Created by the Romans in the 1st century AD, the Colonia Ulpia Traiana was situated on the banks of the Rhine and was geared towards trade. Since 1975, the largest open-air archaeological park in Germany, at Xanten, has been dedicated to revisiting the past by reconstructing certain buildings, such as the amphitheatre, the temple located near the port, a number of colonnades - giving an impression of daily life 2000 years ago. A great many cultural and historical events are also organised at this ancient Roman site.
The Niederwalddenkmal of Rüdesheim - monument to the glory of Germany.
Opposite the town of Bingen-am-Rhein, the monumental statue of Germania, built above the village of Rüdesheim, dominates the Rhine and the upper vineyards, almost 50 metres high. This monument celebrates the foundation of the new German empire following the Franco-German war of 1870. In one hand is the emperor's crown, while the other hand holds the imperial sword.
Historic town centre of Kalkar and fast breeder reactor
It is worth taking a detour to visit the Church of St. Nicholas in the centre of Kalkar. It has the Passion Altar, by Master Arnt - the most influential artist of the latter part of the 15th century. But Kalkar is also famous for its fast breeder reactor - the largest industrial project in Germany yet to be completed. A nuclear project begun in 1972, the plant had a very short service life, as it closed its doors in 191, following its late launch in 1986. The operation was deemed to costly. In 1995, the complex was transformed into a leisure park, with a conference centre, hotels and restaurants.
Europa Park in Rust
There is loads to discover at Germany’s largest amusement park: in an area of 94 hectares, adventurous visitors can look forward not only to more than 100 attractions and international show programmes, but also to 13 European themed areas with architecture, vegetation and gastronomy typical of the respective countries – pure enjoyment in summer and winter alike!
Indoor Skiing Centre, Neuss
Are you tired of all that pedalling? Then get on some skis! The first indoor ski centre opened its doors in Neuss in 2001. Powdery snow covers the 300 metres of the main piste 365 days a year. Younger or less seasoned skiers can start off on another 3000 square metre piste, or just take advantage of one of the local restaurants.
Speyer Technology Museum
Where can you both visit a Boeing 747 and get inside a submarine? At the Speyer Technology Museum, which also boasts the largest space flight exhibition in Europe - "Apollo and Beyond" - where visitors can visit the Buran space shuttle. Fire engines, musical instruments, locomotives and motorbikes also feature in the museum, which also has an IMAX theatre to give visitors a tremendous experience.
Weil am Rhein: Three- Countries Bridge
Weil am Rhein is located where Germany, France and Switzerland join. 238 metres long, the Three- Countries Bridge is the world's longest bridge solely for pedestrians and cyclists. It joins the towns of Huningue in France and Weil am Rhein in Germany. Switzerland is just a few hundred metres away on the Germans side.
Strasbourg : the capital of Europe
A symbol of French-German reconciliation and European unity, Strasbourg is considered to be the capital of Europe due to the presence of several European Union and other institutions in the city. With it being the home in particular of the European Parliament, the European Council and the European Court of Human Rights, Strasbourg is one of the rare cities, together with New York and Geneva, to house international institutions without it actually being the capital of a state itself.
Lörrach, Germany: THREE COUNTRIES MUSEUM
The award-winning building in Lörrach is home to the only Three Countries Museum in Europe. On show in the permanent exhibition is life past and present in the Upper Rhine where Germany, Switzerland and France meet. "Get involved" stations, audio stations and media terminals turn the tour of the interactive exhibition into an experience to remember.
The River Rhine joins France and Germany over a distance of 180 kilometres. Following the course of the EuroVelo 15 on the French side from Basel, one passes through some wonderfully varied Alsatian countryside in the Haut Rhin and Bas Rhin departments.http://en.francevelotourisme.com/base-1/itineraires/l-eurovelo-15-en-alsace